On Saturday, 10 sisters of Elizabeth, who were killed in 1945 and some of whom were raped by Red Army soldiers before they died, will be commemorated at a church in Wroclaw. Tragic events have taken place today in the Opole region, Lower Silesia and the Czech Republic. Preparations for the holiday are accompanied by the slogan “Faithful to Love”.
Three of the great nuns were directly connected with the Religious House, where the Elizabeth women’s community was founded in Nisa (Opole province). In 1945, there were three religious houses in ul. Slovyanska. “These dramatic events took place in these three places; three sisters died, “Sister Katarzyna Mróz told the PAP.
Red Army soldiers entered the Religious House in Nice on Sunday, March 25. The sisters were thrown out of the house into the garden with the charges and stayed there for several nights. The house was seized by soldiers.
“There is still the grave of three martyred sisters in the garden – Meluzja, who was shot to protect one of the girls. The fire, started by Red Army soldiers, burned everything except the room where her sister’s body was, “said Katarzyna.
Two other nuns were killed at that time – sister Felicitas and sister Sapientia.
“Long live the King Jesus Christ”
Mr. Felicitas defended his chief, who defended the chambers of the other sisters and nuns. The nun opened her hands like a cross; He was shot when he said, “Long live the King Jesus Christ!” “The king’s words did not end because he was shot. The soldier stained her body. “In turn, Sapientia died while defending the little nun.
Sister Katarzyna stressed that the tragic death of Elizabeth’s wives is about protecting other people. “The sisters gave their lives for someone, but also to protect their dignity, purity and faith,” said the nun.
The nuns of Elizabeth emphasize that the beating of 10 nuns on Saturday is a symbol of the tragic deaths of nuns and ordinary women who died in 1945 at the hands of the Red Army. “More than 100 of Elizabeth’s sisters died in such circumstances,” she added.
Below we present the biographies of the nuns Elizabeth.
Sister M. Paschalis Jahn He was born on April 7, 1916, in Nisa, the eldest of four siblings. He joined Marian Sodality during his stay in Westphalia, where he went with his family due to financial difficulties. After returning to Nysa, on March 30, 1937, she joined the Church of St. Elizabeth Sisters. On October 3, 1938, she became an innovator and was named Maria Paschalis. He made his religious debut in 1939, at the outbreak of World War II. After taking his oath of allegiance, he remained in establishments in Kluczbork, Głubczyce and Nisa. In March 1945, the chiefs, fearing hostility, ordered Pashalis to leave the city. He went to the Czech Republic, where he stayed in the villages of Losiny Wielkie and Sobotin (Zöptau). On May 11, 1945, Sister Pashalis was brutally attacked by a Soviet soldier and shot dead for defending her purity and faith. He was buried in the church cemetery, and the locals called him “the white flower of Bohemia.”
Sister M. Edelburgis (Juliana) Kubitzki Dąbrówka was born in Dolna in 1905 and entered the monastery in 1929. The entry of the Soviet army found her in an institution in Zari, where she served as an outpatient nurse. The sisters took refuge in the temple where they had built a temple. On February 20, 1945, soldiers broke into the room where the sisters were hiding and tried to separate them. Due to the resistance, the attacker opened fire on his sister Edelburgis several times. He died soon after. Buried in front of the main portal of the church Żary’de on the assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary.
Sister M. Rosaria (Elfrieda) Schilling was born in 1908 in Wroclaw to an Evangelical family. After converting to Catholicism, Elizabeth joined the Sisters as a twenty-year-old girl. When Soviet troops entered Nowogrodziec in Kvisa, he remained there as an outpost. He and other sisters hid in an air-sheltered shelter for safety. In the evening of February 22, 1945, three assailants forcibly took Sister Rosaria out, where she was raped for several hours by about 30 Red Army soldiers. But despite her weakness and prohibition, she leaned on the shoulders of all the sisters. On the way, a bullet fired by the commissar hit him. He managed to whisper, “Jesus, Mary.” The second shot was fatal. Elizabeth’s body was buried in the church cemetery in Novogrodziec.
Sister M. Adela (Clara) Shramm Born in 1885 in the city of Izna, at the age of 26 he entered the monastery of nuns Elizabeth. He was sent to an establishment in Godzieszow, where he was the head of the society. After the village was occupied by Soviet troops, he found refuge with the accused farm owners Maria and Pavel Baum. On February 25, 1945, the Soviets stormed the house. A sister who defended her accusations and swore allegiance to God was shot dead along with her landlords and other people who remained there. All of them were buried in a bomb crater on the farm.
Sister M. Sabina (Anna) ThienelBorn in Rudziczka in 1909, he fled Wroclaw on charges and took refuge in Lebanon. He was 36 years old then. The soldiers settled in the sisters’ house. When one of them tried to force her sister out of the room, she clung to the cross and her sisters and called on the Mother of God for help. Mr. M. Sabina maintained her virginity through resistance. On March 1, 1945, while the sisters were praying at the door, he was shot in the chest and died. German soldiers buried him in a Catholic cemetery in Lebanon.
Sister M. Sapientia (Lucia) Heymann, Was born in 1875 in Lubiesz, near Walch, and joined the congregation in 1894. On March 24, 1945, the sisters gathered in the dining room of St. Peter’s House. Nysada Elizabeth. One of the soldiers wanted to force the young sister Sapientia out. Faced with resistance, he shot him on the spot. His body was buried with his other sisters in a tomb in the monastery garden.
Sister M. Meluzja (Martha) RybkaBorn in Pawłów in 1905, he was killed on March 24, 1945 in Nysa while defending a girl who had been attacked by a soldier. There were other incidents related to the death of Meluzja’s sister. The fire set by the soldiers in the sisters’ house stopped near the room where her body was lying. He was buried in the common cemetery of the sisters in the monastery garden. Sloviańska 16.
Sister M. Adelheidis (Jadwiga) TöpferHe was born in Nisa in 1887 and joined the congregation in 1907. For many years he was a teacher and principal of a school of home and handicrafts. When the Soviets invaded the city, the sick and the elderly sought refuge with their sisters. Sister Adelheidis has always found a place for those in need, despite extremely difficult living conditions. When the Soviet soldiers entered the house, one of them entered the room where his sister and the charges were kept, raised his bloody hand in a provocative manner, and accused someone of shooting him. On March 25, 1945, for no apparent reason, Adelheidisi shot his sister.
Sister M. Felicitas (Anna) Ellmerer, Was born in 1889 in Grafing, Bavaria, and joined the community in 1911. As the soldiers attacked the sisters at their home in Nysa, Ali Bac, who was defending them, was shot with a rifle butt and lost consciousness. Sister Felicitas hurried to help him. Then a Soviet soldier tried to take him out, and when he resisted, he fired warning shots. In response, the sister stood against the wall, extended her hands to the sign of the cross, and said aloud, “Long live Christ, Christ …!” The last word was cut with a deadly bullet. The assailant trampled on the head and chest of the dead sister. He was buried in the sisters’ cemetery in the monastery garden in ul. Nysa-da Słowiańska 16.
Sister Maria Acutina (Helena Goldberg) was born in 1882 in Duzek. At the age of 23, he joined the Elizabethan community. He remained at the post in Lubiąż. He worked as an educator among orphans who lost their parents during the war. After the Red Army entered the city, worried about the safety of the girls entrusted to it, he fled with them from Lubiąż to Krzydlina Wielka. He met a group of drunken soldiers who saw the girls. Defending them against rape, he lost his life. Krzydlina was buried in the church cemetery in Mala. (PAP)
author: Piotr Doczekalski