Career in IT after high school diploma in 2021. Which education should you choose?

IT research is a very common topic in the brains of young (and older) people who dream of a career in this industry. Which directions are the most promising? What are the requirements for potential job applicants?

Working in IT – research is not so important

The IT sector is a very large part of the market. When most people think about working in IT, they associate it with tasks for the scientific mind: code development, data analysis, program development, and other logical thinking issues. However, this notion of the IT industry is not entirely correct. Companies operating in this field are engaged in the comprehensive transfer of value from the real world to the digital world. This means that the demand for workers is not limited to “scientists”, mathematical geniuses or effective analysts..

An effective team should consist primarily of people with a high level of communication skills. People who manage IT initiatives don’t have to be interns – in many cases, connecting with other people is more important. Of course, in order to cooperate effectively, you need to have at least a general knowledge of a given topic.

Therefore, it is definitely worth looking at working in the IT sector through the prism of your own talents and preferences. Even people whose skills are not related to IT will find a place here. After all, IT backup is marketing, sales or HR, and often creative teams also play an important role.

What attracts young people to the IT sector?

Source: The IT sector belongs to the category of “information and communication”

It is especially important for people who want to earn a lot of money to study in a specialty that will give you the opportunity for a career in IT. Including IT professionals. software developers show great interest in the labor market. The salary can reach really high values, and in a few years you can be among the highest earners in Poland. It is mainly finance that attracts young people to the IT industry.

In addition, the IT industry allows us to work on technologies and services that are especially important to our lives. This is the best way to contribute to the digital revolution and set trends for the coming years. However, a career in IT is a difficult job. It requires both soft skills and technical knowledge.

We don’t necessarily have to go directly to IT-related research. A lot can be said about the development of a career path in IT. First of all, it is important that education is not the decisive factor here. Many people are able to find their place in the pursuit of their interests at work and develop the necessary challenging skills on their own.

What research is being done for the future IT specialist?

Of course, the first idea comes to mind in computer science, which has been met with great interest for many years. In addition to the mathematical foundations of digital systems, computer research also focuses on the theoretical aspect.. This is a very good base that allows you to take your first steps in the world of high technology. However, this is not the only direction that gives us career opportunities in this industry. It’s worth going beyond the scheme – if your goal is to work in the technology sector, let’s see what it’s worth learning now.

Cybersecurity is one of the promising fields of study for an IT career

Cybersecurity is becoming an increasingly important element in the activities of companies in the field of IT. However, there are still not many specialists in this field. Cybersecurity scores are generally quite high, and this can be a bit daunting. Despite the important requirements, this option is definitely worth considering. Cybersecurity gives us a chance to work in the cybersec sector itself, as well as in virtually every related industry.

The architect of IT systems is a very promising direction that meets current trends

The IT systems architect deals with IT systems in business applications. During our education, we have a chance to master many tools not only for software development, but also for solution management. The responsibilities of people in this type of position include the application of systems to companies. This is a field of research that is often related to the business specialty.

IT management – research adapted to the 21st century market

This is a very interesting direction for future managers, analysts and consultants. IT management combines key issues related to technology and a business approach to working in an organization. After IT management, people hold key positions that are very important for the entire company. It is a kind of bridge between decision makers and contractors. Extensive experience and knowledge of a wide range of the company’s operations add value to the entire enterprise. One example of IT management is IT Business Management (postgraduate). In this case, education focuses on leadership and team management skills, as well as IT organization.

Biomedicine, bioinformatics and related research

The information technology market is evolving towards areas related to health and medicine. In a few years, experts who can provide a flow of knowledge between highly qualified medical professionals and people involved in digitalization may be highly desirable in the market. This is definitely a good choice when we are thinking about building a career in the next 5-6 years.

Information processing and big data research

Information processing and big data are important trends in IT, and research on these topics can be found in a growing number of universities. Experts who study them gain knowledge about the analysis of data sets, how to use these analyzes to make decisions, as well as work on data for other purposes.. Information processing is a direction that allows you to develop your knowledge in the field of IT on many levels. From understanding how data works in our world and its value, to creating brain-computer interfaces.

IT research is often postgraduate

IT education

When it comes to many areas of education related to the IT industry, we are engaged in graduate school. Implementing an invisible technical and mathematical education course related to IT does not close the path to a career in this industry. After graduating in other fields, you will need to study in a certain field, such as big data or management. We can also immediately decide on two rounds of research on IT, bioinformatics or cybersecurity.

When it comes to working in the IT industry, should you even think about education?

Because the IT industry needs professionals in many areas, it is not possible to determine exactly what set of skills we need to acquire during training. Undoubtedly, the university can provide us with basic knowledge of programming or management of IT systems, provided that we find the right course with a high level of education. However, in terms of employment, courses and practice itself are often better. It is worth having some evidence of our knowledge to gain access to this experience, as well as to provide skills to a potential employer. We can choose one of several main development paths or combine them. An interesting idea is to learn an indirect field related to IT and teach yourself through courses at the same time. Or give up a few years on the walls of the university and immediately enter the world of programming?

Courses and IT research

Many people think that it is better to go to IT-related research or IT courses. There are many differences between these solutions – let’s try to discuss them.


Research on IT offers access to comprehensive education in many areas. They may be partly related to issues that are not relevant to practice. It may be a good idea to take a longer path to an IT career in the long run. We become more aware of the possibilities, gain knowledge of theoretical approaches, and rely on a deeper understanding of the entire sector. However, if we have clear goals and do not want to be distracted by additional education, courses can be worth taking advantage of.


Courses are much shorter than education. You can spend many years at university – the course usually lasts up to six months. The courses focus on certain knowledge and skills, so we focus on practice, not theory. We apply challenging skills that are useful during future career development. Employees responsible for training as part of IT courses are often people with considerable experience in practice. In teaching, we often deal with theorists, although many teachers at the best universities also have practical resources. It should be noted that coaches in programming and other areas of IT provide certain services in the course of their work. We pay them for adequate education, so their standard of operation is a bit different.

What to choose?

The differences between courses and education are also reflected in purely economic issues. A programming course is an additional expense, but it can quickly create value for us. Education itself is not very expensive, but for many people it is associated with moving to another place for several years, which can be a problem.. The cost of living in student cities is high – the rent itself is usually more expensive than in small towns. Ideally, we can focus on courses and university, but in practice it is quite expensive. Therefore, first of all, we need to evaluate what works best in a given situation and make the right decision in the context of our needs and capabilities.

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