Poland has the slowest 5G in Central and Eastern Europe. In this regard, if we compare ourselves with the leader Bulgaria, we are very bad.
5G in Central and Eastern Europe
Ookla (manages speedtest.net) took a look Development of 5G network in eight countries of Central and Eastern Europeincluding In Poland. According to GSM Intelligence, 24 out of 31 operators have launched 5G services. There are three bands to secure them:
- low range: 700 MHz (703 – 733 MHz and 758 – 788 MHz),
- average range: 3.6 GHz (3400 – 3800 MHz),
- high range: 26 GHz (at least 1000 MHz in the range of 24 250 – 27 500 MHz).
Interesting, Polish operators currently do not use any of the above ranges for the commercial provision of 5G services. We are still waiting, among other things, for a new auction to separate radio resources from the middle range (the so-called C band). Such an auction was supposed to start in 2020, but was canceled before it actually started. The main culprit was the developing COVID-19 pandemic. Problems in Poland also stem from the 700 MHz band, which must be controlled by a state operator. It requires coordination of activities with neighboring countries, including Russia.
What about other countries in the region? Data provided by Ookla show that Slovenia and Croatia use all three 5G bands, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary use two bands (without high bandwidth), and Romania and Bulgaria use one band (medium).
5G networks should offer high data transfer speeds, among other things. What is the current situation in the CEE region (Central and Eastern Europe)? If we look at the average data download speed in different countries of our part of the Old Continent, then Bulgaria is the best (406.97 Mb / s). Poland is in this ranking last place (73.12 Mb / s).
In Poland, the poor results of 5G are mainly the result There is no access to special 5G bands. To do this, operators in our country use radio resources designed to serve old technologies: Plus at 2600 MHz and Orange, Play and T-Mobile at 2100 MHz.
Bulgaria has not only the fastest 5G, but also the highest percentage of 5G-enabled device users who spend most of their time on 5G networks (5G Availability) was 30.5% in the 1st quarter of 2022. The same ratio was in Poland Less than 10%.
As for the percentage of 5G smartphones on the market, it took first place Hungary (65.1% in the 4th quarter of 2021). Poland took over place before the end (More than 30%).
This is a comparison of 5G speeds and availability in the capitals of eight Central and Eastern European countries. Here, too, he is in the first place Bulgaria and its capital Sofia. The end of the share is surrounded Warsaw.
Poles need 5G education
Poland ranked last in terms of median 5G download speeds, and its 5G speeds were twice as fast as 4G. This is the only country that has not yet provided 5G bandwidth. But more importantly, it seems Polish end users do not see the additional benefits that 5G can bring, which reduces demand.
According to a survey by UKE, 78.2% of companies in Poland have heard of 5G. This is a good result. However, most of them say so current mobile settings are sufficient on three dimensions for doing business: speed (88.6%), reliability (86.7%) and efficiency (85.9%). Given that the existing 5G networks in Poland do not keep their promises of gigabit speed, this is not surprising.
From the point of view of Polish consumers, the term 5G is known to 73.8%. However, this has a downside, as a little more than half of the respondents (57.4%) believe that 5G poses a health risk.
When asked what are the main advantages of 5G, almost half of respondents (47.5%) say so 5G will be faster and more efficient than 4G. Less than a third (31%) can see it 5G networks make people’s lives easier. The third is the preferred option 5G’s ability to strengthen and modernize the Polish economy. However, 18% do not see a positive outlook for the use of 5G networks. This may partly explain why 5G availability in Poland is below 10%.
Does not apply to 5G speeds. 5G is seen as a way to add value to the economy and society. According to a study by Ericsson Polska, By 2040, the Polish economy can earn more than 17 billion euros from the introduction of 5G. Given the lack of a clear 5G auction schedule, the risk that Poland will be even more different from its competitors is real.
5G in Poland
Network in addition It uses 5G to be the only service in Poland A special band in the 2600 MHz bandso that its users can download data from the Internet at the highest speed. The green operator leaves the rest of the share far behind. However, the data is sent to the Internet The fastest in Orange.
It is interesting about the indicator 5G Availability (Percentage of 5G device users who spend most of their time on 5G networks) Moreover, it turns out the worst. It turned out to be the best in this category To play. This is even more surprising, because the 5G Play network does not necessarily have the largest coverage. At the end of 2021, Plus’s 5G network was covered 19 million peopleIn the next place were Play, T-Mobile (11 million) and Orange (6.3 million) with more than 13 million. If we convert this to the coverage of the population using the data of the 2021 census (38.18 million people), it means that the coverage of the population is 50%, 34%, 29% and 17%, respectively.
According to Ookla, Play had the best 5G availability Aggressive marketing and discounts are combined with a large portfolio of 5G devices and the cheapest tariffs. The operator of the Play network recently received a loan from BGK in the amount of 500 million PLN (107 million Euros) under the Digital Poland (POPC) Operational Program, which will be used to launch 5G services.
Mobile operators in Poland are still investing in the development of 5G networks. For example, T-Mobile has expanded its partnership with Nokia to modernize its RAN network and introduce 5G services. The operator plans to use the 4G and 5G DSS in the lower band and, if possible, in the 3.6 GHz band in dense urban areas. T-Mobile wants to end 2022 with 3,500 5G base stations and 30% of the Polish population in the 5G magenta range. T-Mobile shut down its 3G network in the 2100 MHz frequency range in October 2021, and began shutting down 3G networks in order to use 900 MHz for 3G and switch to LTE and 5G in 2023.
There are obstacles to achieving broader access to 5G Disputes over 5G auctions. In October 2019, between the mobile operators of the Big Four (Orange, Play, Plus and T-Mobile), the state telecommunications operator Exatel and the Polish Development Fund (PFR) agreement on the establishment of national infrastructure. It will belong to the state through a special purpose body – Poland 5G. The Polish regulator proposed the appointment of this new body all 700 MHz band (2 x 30 MHz), primarily to provide communication for law enforcement and emergency services, while also making it accessible to all operators. The 700 MHz band is very important to ensure a wide range and penetration into buildings.
Look: Orange: one million 5G phones
Look: Polsat Plus Group: Results of the first quarter of 2022. 5G is still stagnant, but Clean Energy is on the rise
Photo credit: Shutterstock
Text source: Ookla