Problems with the Internet? Relax, you can solve many of them yourself – the Internet is like oxygen

Smartscope conducted a survey on the Internet knowledge of Poles on behalf of the Play network. The survey was conducted on the Internet panel CAWI online interview and involved 1,157 people over the age of 15 with Internet access at home. Respondents also know 13 popular terms on the internet. The average Polish Internet user knows 8-9 out of 13 of them, which is a very good result. However, there are 5 terms that are unknown to more than half of Poles. We will discuss all of them in a simple way later in the text.

What is Wi-Fi?

The official logo of the Wi-Fi standard

The dictionary definition of Wi-Fi is long, complex and full of technical jargon. As everyone understands, Wi-Fi is a standard that allows you to use the Internet wirelessly within your home or office.

Wi-Fi network standards – in contrast, for example, the maximum speed and stability of the connection – until recently, they were distinguished by complex symbols such as 802.11ax. However, from 2019, a simplified nomenclature such as Wi-Fi 4, Wi-Fi 5 and Wi-Fi 6 will be used. The greater the number, the better. Wi-Fi itself gives you many features you may not yet know. We write more about them in the extensive article.

From 2019, it will be easier to distinguish Wi-Fi network standards. Their simplified names are: Wi-Fi 4, Wi-Fi 5 and Wi-Fi 6. The more numbers, the better.

What is a router?

The router name refers to network devices with different uses. In the consumer market, routers are commonly referred to as devices that create wireless bridges for transmitted data, that is, in simple terms, a Wi-Fi network that can be used in phones, computers, and other devices.

Routers may differ, including the supported network standard, among others, the speed or quality of the connection and the signal strength.

What is Optical Fiber?

Optical fiber is a type of fiberglass cable that uses photons or elementary light particles to transmit data, not to transmit electricity. The unique properties of photons, including the lack of mass, mean that data can be transmitted over long distances at dizzying speeds.

Optical fibers are increasingly being used to deliver the Internet to households. These types of connections are characterized by high data transfer speeds, very low delays and reliability.

What is an IP address?

An IP address is an identification number assigned to all devices connected to the Internet. It is written in 4 digits, ranging from 0 to 255; An example of an IP address is 12.34.567.89.

Without an IP address, interactions between devices would not be possible, but the sequence of numbers does not allow unambiguous identification of a particular computer. The same address can be used by a larger group of devices or recreated after each connection to the network.

An IP address is an identification number assigned to any device connected to the Internet. Without it, communication between devices would be impossible.

What is a server?

This is what Internet companies’ server rooms look like

When you read an article or watch a YouTube video, text, photos, videos, and other information are downloaded from another computer called a server.

What are cookies?

Cookies, also known as cookies, are small files used by web browsers that store basic information about your Internet activity.

The first time you log in to a website, the cookie file may, for example, save the login or location you specified. This means that the next time you visit the website, you do not have to re-enter your login information, and the website knows that you need to show the weather forecast for the city of your choice in advance.

What is downloading?

English word ‘download’ simply means download. In the spoken language, this password is used, inter alia, to determine the speed and amount of data download, as well as to specify the links that will begin the process of downloading the file after clicking.

Many websites also call the section where you can find downloads “downloads”.

What is a VPN?

The acronym VPN (Virtual Private Network) stands for Virtual Private Network. It is a kind of intermediate server that redirects all internet traffic. When you use the VPN service, all downloaded data goes first to the intermediate server and then to your computer.


VPN allows you to protect your privacy on the Internet, as well as access services that are not available in your area. By connecting to an American or German VPN, you can use websites that do not work in Poland.

What are delays?

Lags are a colloquial term for delays in the transmission of information over the Internet. They make it difficult to use applications that require the fastest possible response from the network, especially multiplayer games.

Data delays depend on a server failure or internet connection, e.g. unfavorable weather conditions. Fiber optic and 5G connections are characterized by the lowest delays.

What is ping?

Ping is an internet connection parameter that determines the data transfer delay. It is given in milliseconds and can be measured among others on Speedtest.pl.

The lower the ping, the better. The high value translates into the above-mentioned setbacks.

What is malware?

Malware is the name given to malware, ie software created to harm a user and / or damage a device.

To prevent malware, download files only from trusted websites.

What is a repeater?

It is a repeater signal amplifier. Wi-Fi-enabled devices are the most popular in the Internet context.

The repeater receives a Wi-Fi signal from the router and then transmits it, thus increasing the range of the network. These types of devices are especially popular in large apartments and houses.

What is Mesh Wi-Fi?

A mesh system is a network infrastructure consisting of several routers that are connected to each other and provide access to the Internet over a larger area.

Mesh is an alternative to Wi-Fi repeaters. It usually has a higher price, but a simpler configuration and a higher quality connection.

Want to expand your knowledge of the Internet? We recommend you to get acquainted with the new educational site of the Play network.

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