Allergen immunotherapy, commonly known as desensitization, is currently administered in two ways: sublingually or subcutaneously. Only one of these methods is used to sensitize the cat.
- What are the symptoms of a cat allergy?
- What are the treatments for allergies?
- What is the desensitization method for cat allergies?
Cats are the most common and highly allergic pets. Cat hair has allergenic properties, it contains substances secreted in saliva and urine, as well as compounds in the epidermis of the pet. In feline allergies, the allergen is primarily the Fel d 1 (secretoglobin) protein found in cat saliva. Allergic reactions to this particular protein affect 80-90 percent. people who are allergic to cats.
What are the symptoms of a cat allergy?
The most common symptoms of cat allergy are related to the respiratory system. During normal breathing, allergens penetrate the nose and bronchi of an allergic patient. A person with allergies after contact with an animal complains:
- Runny nose
- scratched throat
- nasal congestion
- itchy eyes
- swelling of the eyelids
- itching and redness of the skin.
If you have a cat allergy, you don’t need to get rid of your cat right away, as doctors recommend. Symptomatic treatment is possible, but desensitization of cat hair is also available – although it is worth trying, it can take several years. The later an allergy is diagnosed, the longer desensitization can take.
What are the treatments for allergies?
Allergies can be treated symptomatically by taking safe medications that eliminate the negative effects of the disease. You can also use the so-called desensitization, ie allergen immunotherapy. The introduction of an allergen into the body causes it to become resistant to this factor.
– It is more expedient than pharmacological symptomatic treatment of allergies to look for a causal treatment, to look for something that can affect the cause of allergies. Such a procedure is called desensitization, it is a common name for allergen immunotherapy. By applying gradually increasing doses of the allergen, we affect the immune system, altering its reactivity and activating immune mechanisms that allow it to “tolerate” an allergen that previously caused sensitivity, ie allergy symptoms, says Prof. Marita Nittner-Marszalska, Department of Internal Medicine and Allergology, Teaching Hospital, University of Wroclaw.
The expert notes that over the past two decades, there has been a very dynamic development in allergen immunotherapy, and new vaccines are being introduced to the market. In addition to the subcutaneous injections available to date, there are allergen vaccines in the form of sublingual solutions and tablets that the patient can take at home.
What is the desensitization method for cat allergies?
Prof. Marita Nittner-Marszalska explains that doctors do not vaccinate against all allergens. However, it is possible to use subcutaneous immunotherapy for inhalation allergies to grass, tree, weed pollen, mold, hymenoptera venom, and allergies to cats and dogs. In contrast, sublingual immunotherapy is used in allergies to maples, grasses and ticks.
Treatment with both forms of vaccination should be supervised by an allergist. In the case of subcutaneous vaccinations, all injections are given in the office of an allergist, first every 7-14 days, then on average every 30 days. For sublingual immunotherapy, the first dose is required in the office of an allergist, and treatment monitoring visits are scheduled individually every few months. Therefore, the latter method is more convenient for the patient. Unfortunately, it is not yet available for cat allergies.
Source: Zdrowie.radiozet.pl / PAP / Roman Skiba