The connection with cats is clear. Cat scratching disease is a bacterial zoonotic disease caused by gram-negative bacteria – the most common Bartonella henselaeless often Bartonella clarridgeiae. In cats, they are caused by parasites such as ticks or fleas. Animals can also be infected during fights with the individuals they carry. Cats under the age of one are more likely to become infected and spread the germs to humans.
Cat scratching disease spreads to humans, when an infected cat licks an open wound (or itching) or bites or scratches hard enough to pierce the surface of the skin. In such a place, the first signs of infection appear in about 3-14 days. The infected area may be swollen and red, and there may be pus in round, ascending lesions. There may also be symptoms: fever, headache, poor appetite, exhaustion. Over time lymph nodes cats may be swollen, sensitive, or painful near scratches or bites.
Most people Cat scratches can be treated without treatment. However, painkillers can relieve pain and discomfort. If your symptoms do not improve within a few weeks, you will need antibiotics.
Although cat scratch disease is rare, it can cause serious complications. The infection can affect the brain, eyes, heart or other internal organs. These complications may require intensive treatment. They are more common in children aged 5-14 years and people with weakened immune systems.
It is mainly associated with dogs, but also with cats. It is an infectious viral disease that affects the central nervous system. The cause of the infection is usually bitten by an infected animal (contact of the saliva of an infected animal with damaged skin or mucous membranes). Rabies is a deadly diseasethis requires immediate action. Cat owners should vaccinate their pets.
Rabies cats often experience sudden behavioral changes and progressive paralysis. They may feel anxious, bored, or attack other animals, people, or objects. Animals usually die a few days after the onset of symptoms.
Symptoms of rabies in humans may appear days or months after exposure. When they occur, it is almost always too late for treatment. Therefore, if you are bitten by a cat or other animal, wash the wound immediately and consult a doctor.
You can read more about rabies HERE.
Toxoplasmosis is the disease caused by Infection by Toxoplasma gondii parasite, is one of the most common parasites in the world. This parasite can be found in soil, water, meat, or in the feces of a sick animal, especially a cat. These animals become infected by eating infected rodents, birds or other small animals. The parasite is then excreted in the feces and pollutes the environment or garbage. People can be infected by consuming contaminated food or water, as well as when they will not wash their hands after cleaning the area where the cat meets its needs. Another possibility is to come into contact with something contaminated with cat feces.
Anyone can get toxoplasmosis, but people with weakened immune systems are at a higher risk of developing the disease. Especially pregnant women should be careful – can transmit infection to unborn babies, which can result in birth defects.
Most people with toxoplasmosis have no symptoms. Some have mild flu-like symptoms or eye problems. Others, especially those with weakened immune systems, may develop more serious complications that can affect the brain.
Asymptomatic cases of toxoplasmosis usually does not require treatment. Others use pharmacotherapy.
Toxocariasis is a parasitic disease caused by cat worm larvae – Toxocara cati. They are the most common intestinal parasites in cats. These animals can secrete Toxocara eggs with feces. The main sources of infection for humans are: contaminated soil, consumed contaminated food (consumption of raw or undercooked meat containing Toxocara larvae) and contact with infected animals and their feces. Toxocara cati eggs are not yet invasive immediately after leaving the host’s body. It takes a period of two to six weeks for the full development of an infectious larva.
Many people with ascariasis have no symptoms and do not get sick. May develop in others eye toxocariasis (when the larvae move to the eyes) and visceral toxocariasis (When larvae migrate to various organs of the body, such as the liver). Ocular toxocariasis usually affects one eye. Symptoms include inflammation of the eye or damage to the retina. Visceral toxocariasis is characterized by abdominal pain, fever, fatigue, and cough. Severe cases of toxocariasis are rare and affect more young children.
Visceral toxocariasis is treated with antiparasitic drugs. Treatment of ocular toxocariasis is more difficult and usually involves measures to prevent progressive eye damage.
Echinococcosis (echinococcosis, hidatidosis, waterborne disease) is a disease caused by Created a ribbon of the genus Exinococcus. Tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus tapeworm is responsible for single-chamber echinococcosis Echinococcus multilocularis causes multicameral echinococcosis. They mostly happen in dogs, cats, foxes and wolves. People are most contagious accidental consumption of tapeworm eggscan be excreted in the feces of infected pets.
Occurs in humans during the course of the disease formation of large cysts in the lungs and liver. These cysts can be so large that they can interfere with organ function, making echinococcosis one of the most serious zoonoses known. With surgery and treatment, such infections are often fatal.
Infected cats usually show no symptoms. In humans, echinococcosis may not cause any discomfort for a long time. Possible symptoms of the disease include: pain in the right side of the abdomen, chest pain, cough, shortness of breath, itchy skin. We write more about echinococcosis HERE.
Echinococcosis is a rare disease in our country. About 40 events occur every year.
Chlamydia is a bacterial disease caused by gram-negative Chlamydophila felis bacteria. It is mainly responsible for conjunctivitis in cats. Owners observe in pets: watery eyes, spasm of the eyelids, swelling, redness of the conjunctiva, sneezing. Over time, the discharge from the eyes thickens and turns yellow. Bacteria can also be found in the lungs, digestive and reproductive systems of cats less than nine months old.
Chlamydophila felis has low vitality outside the host. Requires transmission in close contact with an infected animal – mainly with discharge from the conjunctival sac.
A symptom of the presence of bacteria in the body in men is an abnormal discharge from the urethra, and in women vaginal dischargeBurning sensation when urinating, as well as pain in the lower abdomen or intermenstrual bleeding.
Tinea is a disease caused by dermatophytes, ie parasitic microscopic fungi. It is very contagious. May come in direct contact with an infected animal or human. The development of mycosis can also occur through the use of objects belonging to an infected person or contact with contaminated surfaces. In cats, almost all fungal infections are caused by a type of dermatophyte Microsporum canis.
Some cats may not have signs of ringworm, but others have small areas hair loss around the ears, mouth or paws (round, hairless patches) and scaly or hard skin. Lesions may be accompanied by severe itching. Occasionally there is a paw infection.
Healthy people are prone to immunity to infection unless it occurs breakage in the skin, for example, scratches. Elderly, young children and adults with weakened immunity or sensitive skin are especially at risk. The main symptom is scaly lesions accompanied by hair loss.
After contact with the cat, caress, feed or clean it – wash your hands thoroughly. Regular veterinary care and adherence to expert advice significantly reduces the risk of contracting a dangerous disease.
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