“Non-allergic” dogs for people with allergies – according to scientists, there are no such dogs – Diseases

photo: Adobe Stock, pololia


To begin with, a dog’s hair allergy is actually his allergy glandular discharge, dead skin cells or urine. Of course, allergenic proteins accumulate in the coat, but they can be anywhere in the dog’s environment. It is estimated that about 10-20% of people are allergic to dogs. Not surprisingly, dogs for people with allergies, that is, dogs that do not cause allergy symptoms, are of great interest. However, there are many indications that there are more marketing tricks than unique features.



Are there “non-allergic” dogs? Science denies this

Studies show that There is no such thing “Non-allergic” dog. According to scientists, no dog breed can be considered so-called hypoallergenic, which an allergy sufferer can easily live. The study cites, among others, the largest Kennel Club in the United States (American Kennel Club):

Although some dogs may actually cause fewer allergy symptoms than others, studies show that there is no specific breed that is truly hypoallergenic.

Scientists from the University of Utrecht in the Netherlands compared the concentration major allergen occurs in dog hair and saliva Canis familiaris 1 (Can f 1), derived from animals, the so-called “non-sensitizing” and “sensitizing”. They also checked for allergen levels in the home environment (dust, air, floor). Protein levels were then measured with ELISA. The results were surprising.

Significantly higher Can f 1 concentrations were found in hair and fur samples of hypoallergenic dogs than in non-hypoallergenic dogs. (…) Can f 1 levels were lower in floor dust samples settled for Labradoodles, but no difference was found between the other groups. There was no difference in air concentrations between races
– The results of a Dutch study published in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

Dogs without allergies have been found to be more of a source of allergens than control dogs.

In another analysis, this time scientists from the Henry Ford Health System in Detroit came to similar conclusions. Concentrations of the major Can f 1 allergen in powder samples were also compared with four different classification schemes using a combination of purebred and mixed breed dogs.

No classification scheme has shown that dog allergen levels in homes with hypoallergenic dogs differ from those in other homes.
– Henry Ford Health System scientists wrote.

Another study of the sex showed that he had short hair poodles have one of the highest Can f 1 levels in hair patterns. On the other hand, the Labrador Retriever, which is considered an allergen for allergy sufferers, had significantly lower levels of allergens in the samples collected.

However, some dog owners find that they have fewer allergy symptoms by switching to someone who is allergic.

A “hairy” dog does not cause allergies – this is another myth

It is popular to believe that there are dogs that have fur instead of fur and are not allergenic, so it is recommended for allergy sufferers and children. The fact is that all dogs have feathers (excluding breeds without natural fur), but only in some dogs top coat hair, is the so-called underwear, so it is believed that they have hair. However, it cannot be said that these dogs do not have hair. As already mentioned, it is not true that furry dog ​​breeds are completely safe for allergy sufferers.

What is the best way to deal with dog allergies?

It is the most effective way to treat allergies in dogs avoid contact with these animals. If you live with your dog:

  • clean, vacuum and wash bedding regularly;
  • Avoid sleeping in the same bed with your dog,
  • Consider getting a HEPA air filter,
  • You can wear a nose and mouth mask while playing with your pet,
  • wash your hands thoroughly after contact with the animal, it is also worth rinsing your nose with seawater solution;
  • try to bathe your dog more often,
  • Before buying a dog, spend about 20 minutes with the breed and check for signs of allergies.

If you want to go one step further, remember that the cause of dog allergies is the only treatment option immunotherapy (also known as desensitization). This involves subcutaneous administration of small amounts of the allergen at regular intervals – first more often, then less. As a result, the immune system’s sensitivity to the compound is reduced and the body tolerates it better. Read more: Desensitization

Sources:
DW Vredegoor et al., Can f 1 levels and in the homes of different dog breeds: lack of evidence to describe any dog ​​breed as hypoallergenic, doi: 10.1016 / j.jaci. 2012.05.013,
CE Nicholas et al., Dog allergen levels in hypoallergenic homes, compared to non-hypoallergenic dogs, doi: 10.2500 / separation.2011.25.3606,
G. Constone, Does a Complete Hypoallergenic Dog Exist ?, American Kennel Club, www.akc.org.


Also read:
Destroying Myths: 10 Diabetes Myths That Can Be Harmful
Breaking the Myths: Is Vitamin C Good for Immunity and Colds?
Destroying Myths: Does Sugar Make Children Hyperactive?
We refute the myths: Can healthy people have high cholesterol?


Warning! The above tips are just a suggestion and cannot replace a visit to a specialist. Remember that you must consult a doctor if you have any health problems!


Leave a Comment