– The accident of singers and church musicians, married people do not take part in these trials – we read in the old News about the youth marches that took place in the Racibórz region centuries ago.
Youth trials in Racibórz district
In order to keep young people busy at Easter, to distract them from Easter snacks and banquets, which are quite dangerous in abundance, joint processes, games, folk competitions, etc. are held in different areas.
Remembering the words of the Holy Gospel that the disciples of the Lord Christ went to Emmaus, the people of Prague, the Czech Republic, longed for the famous Benedictine monastery of Emmaus on Easter Monday, and then for the beautifully organized folk festival nearby. Although there is no Emmaus Monastery nearby, it is no different from other major cities. Viennese flock to the famous Prater to breathe fresh air, while Berliners flock to nearby forests.
Not so expensive and dangerous and no less beautiful, there were village walks in the fields or general horse tours in the fields, which in Silesia used to happen on Easter Monday in the past.
Some of these customs have almost completely disappeared over time and have been preserved only exceptionally, for example, the trials of young people in Racibórz in church villages for centuries, such as Tvorkov, Krzyzanowice, Lubomia, Rogy, Wojnovice and others. (…)
In the church books in Lubomia we find only a few records of the celebration of the Easter procession in Racibórz in 1672. The youth trials in Tvorkov undoubtedly go back to later times. According to folklore, in the Middle Ages in Tvorkov there was a harmful weather, which was especially dangerous for young people of both sexes. At that time, various trials of young people were dedicated to God, and this has been happening regularly since then.
In order to maintain order during the process, the Tworki youths choose a council among themselves after Easter Sunday after the elders’ afternoon service. Every flawless young person between the ages of 18 and 28 can be selected and selected.
Among the young people, the council consists of peasants, two security guards and 18 jurors, or rather ordinary people.
At the same time, young people choose the best families of 16-20 girls to carry the pictures. Three sections of girls are selected according to the size of the pictures to be carried by girls, fourteen-year-old girls are white, seventeen-year-olds are green, and twenty-year-olds are red or brown. First of all, during the trial, attention is paid to ensuring that the girls’ clothes are as uniform as possible (…)
Youth rehearsals are held on Sundays and holidays after Vespers between Easter and Pentecost, with ringing and devotional songs. Processes usually take place around the village up to the three digits placed at the end of the village in 1699.
The accident of the singer and the church musicians, the married do not participate in these trials; instead, St. Floryan (May 4) and St. Urbana (May 25) is attended by the whole church. According to ancient traditions, St. The figure of this patron is led by four young men to the newlyweds. This process goes to the Holy Church. In the area located in the city.
As in Tvorkov, youth processes take place in neighboring communes, and people, especially young people, are eager to participate in this process. One of the former priests even tried to endure the ordeal in Voynovice, but he failed because the whole church resolutely resisted. We even visited Bukov, Syria, Boleslav and others. We see the trials of young people in places where there are no such churches.
An interesting linguistic document is a document from 1672, which gives us detailed information about the organization of youth processes in Lubomia. This is probably the oldest Polish document written by the youth of Upper Silesia. This document clearly proves that in Lubomia 240 years ago, Polish was spoken in such a beautiful language as it is today, although the Upper Silesian government did not use Polish, Czech or German at that time (…)
Based on “Nowiny Raciborskie” dated April 2, 4, 6 and 11, 1912.