It is a serious disease that interferes with the metabolic processes associated with the conversion of carbohydrates, proteins and fats. In most cases, the diagnosis is made type I diabetes (insulin dependent). This refers to insulin deficiency and the destruction of the pancreatic cells responsible for its production. The main function of insulin is to mobilize all the cells of the body to take glucose from the blood and use it as a source of energy. Against this background, if the processes are not carried out properly, it leads to an increase in sugar levels.
Diabetes in a dog primarily genetic. However, viral and bacterial infections also contribute to its development. Animals that fight pancreatitis are also more susceptible. Diabetes can be associated with certain medications. It is often accompanied by autoimmune diseases such as hypothyroidism and hyperadrenocorticism.
Diabetes mainly affects 7-11 year olds. Women often struggle with this, especially if they have not been sterilized. The guards of Dachshunds, Poodles, Miniature Schnauzers, Yorkshire Terriers and Samoyeds are especially vigilant.
Any change in your pet’s habits is a reason to take a closer look at it. Someone the first signs of diabetes There is an increased thirst, which automatically goes hand in hand with increased urination. Increased appetite while losing weight should also alert us. The dog may lose the desire to play and any physical activity. Apathy, weakness and worsening of the coat condition are other signs that our friend’s body is empty. If ignored, it can even lead to vision loss and cataracts.
Undiagnosed and untreated diabetes in dogs will cause additional diseases and complications. Obesity of the liver, renal failure, chronic urinary tract infections and neurological disorders will not only cause great inconvenience to our client, but also shorten his life.
You should see a veterinarian immediately if any disturbing symptoms appear. He will order basic blood and urine tests to determine the exact cause dog’s sugar level and the stage and course of the disease. Unfortunately, you need to know that diabetes is incurable, and all steps and treatments are aimed at stabilizing glucose levels and reducing the risk of more serious complications. Appropriate treatment will definitely improve the well-being and comfort of your pet.
First of all, it is important to include regular subcutaneous insulin injections in your daily plan. Dosage will be determined by a specialist, usually one or two injections per day. It is extremely important to normalize the animal’s daytime cycle – especially feeding times and thus insulin.
As caregivers, we are required to monitor blood and urine glucose levels independently using glucometers and test strips. Record the results in a notebook designed for this purpose so that you can present them on future visits. It is also important to check your body weight.
What else to remember?
- If our female dog is not sterilized, it will need to undergo this treatment to be effective.
- Being active at regular times will help keep your dog in good condition. However, you should not force your pet to work hard, for example, on long walks or walks.
- Diet in a dog with diabetes should be selected together with a specialist. There are specialized feeds on the market. It is important that the food your pet eats has a low glycemic index. No need for more casual snacks during the day. Under no circumstances should you share the food on your plate with your pet.
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