Nasal congestion is one of the most common diseases in dogs. It is usually seen in children, but can occur regardless of age, race or gender. Learn how to recognize the disease and how to treat it.
Nasal fluid is a highly contagious disease, transmitted through airborne or food droplets and indirect contact. Humans are immune to this, but the CDV virus often attacks our dogs. How to protect a dog from the disease and how to quickly recognize this dangerous disease?
Nose in a dog – basic information
Nose is a viral disease that is extremely contagious in dogs. It is found all over the world, and post-distemper complications are manifested in secondary bacterial infections. This disease is one of the most dangerous infectious diseases in dogs. Mortality is very high among dogs suffering from distemper. The distemper is thought to affect only puppies between the ages of 3 and 6 months, but can affect dogs of all ages and breeds.
How is the distemper infected? The CDV virus is transmitted through airborne droplets or food. People are immune to this, but it happens that the owner brings the virus home during clothing or shopping (indirect contact). The virus’s high survival rate makes it impossible to protect yourself from it. Therefore, it is worth knowing the first signs of distemper, if necessary, consult a veterinarian as soon as possible.
Symptoms of distemper in a dog
Symptoms of distemper in a dog they depend on his age, health and general resistance to disease. Dogs with weakened immune systems are more prone to disease and worse. It is worth paying attention to the immunity of the dog by giving him a variety of foods and appropriate vitamin supplements. In addition, you should pay attention to dogs that may be sick – if our dog or we have come in contact with another sick animal, it is worth watching your pet closely to avoid the first signs of the disease.
The first signs of distemper in a dog are anorexia and lethargy. A special symptom is the so-called biphasic fever, which rises to 41 degrees. As a rule, it disappears within a few days to return. If your dog has a fever, it’s a good idea to check the temperature to see if it has risen again in a few days.
A dog has several types of distemper. The most common form is respiratory failure. Other types of distemper in dogs are intestinal distemper and neural distemper. The most important symptoms of the disease are cough (first dry, then wet), purulent discharge from the nose (crusts on the nasal mirror) and eyes (conjunctivitis, the eyes are completely sticky). Bronchitis and pneumonia (dyspnoea, rales) can occur in the later stages of the disease. Symptoms of intestinal distemper include vomiting, dark, foul-smelling diarrhea, progressive dehydration, loss of appetite, and, ultimately, extreme weight loss.
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How is distemp treated in a dog?
Although initial distemper symptoms they can be easily overlooked and it is difficult not to see them after a few days. Visiting a veterinarian is the best way to make sure your dog is not distemper. Diagnosis consists of examining the discharge from the conjunctival sac, nose, vagina, or foreskin. Rapid diagnostic tests are also available. It is very important to start treatment early to save your dog. Unfortunately, in many cases, the distemper leaves permanent neurological damage. In the treatment of distemper, we focus on symptomatic treatment. Immune serum works perfectly in the early stages of the disease. However, how a dog’s distemper is treated depends on the condition of the animal and the veterinarian’s decision.
Vaccination against distemper
Vaccination against distemper a must for every dog. Many people believe that only purebred dogs should be vaccinated because hybrids are resistant to this type of disease. This is not true – all dogs should be vaccinated against distemper. How much does a vaccine cost? As a rule, the cost of the vaccine does not exceed 70 PLN. This is cheaper than the cost of treatment when a dog owner is infected with a pet distemper. It is worth noting that this is a so-called polyvalent vaccine that protects against acute parvovirus or Rubarth disease. We vaccinate the dog several times in infancy: for distemper and parvovirus at 6 weeks, for distemper, parvovirus, Rubarth’s disease and cough at 8-9 weeks, the last 12-13 weeks, should be repeated after a year. , and then vaccinated every 2 years.
Nose in a dog – summary
Nasal congestion is a very serious disease, so it is necessary to vaccinate your dog in the first weeks of life. If your dog has not been vaccinated for distemper, get it as soon as possible. It is also important to know the symptoms of distemper in a dog in time – early diagnosis of the disease increases the chances of recovery of the dog.
Main photo source: Photographer, Başak Gürbüz Derman / Getty Images