Babesiosis – how to recognize it? Symptoms, prevention, treatment

Babesiosis is a dangerous tick-borne disease that affects most dogs. This is a deadly threat. How to prevent infection? What should concern the pet owner? Is it worth investing in alternative treatments? This was reported by veterinarian Magda Firley-Oliva.

Babesiosis – pollution despite protection

Babesiosis is a tick-borne disease caused by protozoa of the genus Babesia in red blood cells. Magda Firlej-Oliwa, a veterinarian at the Dr. Howe Clinic in Krakow, spoke with Daria Pacańska of about how to protect animals from this dangerous and dangerous disease.

Daria Pacańska: How to prevent babesiosis? Despite taking pills or wearing a protective collar, dogs are becoming more and more ill.

Summer. veterinarian. Magda Firlej-Oliwa: The truth, unfortunately, is so no preparation gives 100 percent. guarantee of protection of the animal from ticks. There is no one-size-fits-all way to prevent tick-borne infections. Preparations should always be selected according to the type, sex and disease of the animal. Unfortunately, ticks can also become resistant to specific active substances over time. There is an important and, unfortunately, often overlooked issue use of a given drug in violation of the manufacturer’s recommendations. If we use the drops as a stain and the dog is washed a day later, such drops will not work, although according to the leaflet, their duration of action is, for example, a month. If you pinch your dog the day before the application, they will not work either. If the dog wears a collar that hangs loosely around the dog’s neck like a bead, the collar will not work. Effective operation is provided only when the collar touches the dog’s skin (not hair!). A tablet that vomits 30 minutes after ingestion will also have questionable efficacy.

In addition to tikisid drugs You can use drugs that repel ticksbut be careful as there may be some of them Toxic to cats. In addition, it is worth checking the dog thoroughly after each walk and feeling the included ticks. Scientific studies show that there is a link between the duration of the parasite’s skin contact and the risk of babesiosis or other vector disease.

What are the symptoms of an infection?

If we are talking about babesiosis, then The symptoms of its classic form develop very quickly. The conversation lasts from a few hours to 3-4 days after the discovery of a tick in the dog (found, not buried). Książkowo happens apathy, decreased daily activity, fever, decreased or no appetite. In the office, the doctor sees pale mucous membranes, which are an indicator of anemia. The last stage is followed by a tutor dark red or brown urine It is caused by the breakdown of red blood cells and the transfer of blood pigments in the urine. In recent years, more and more doctors are reporting atypical symptoms of babesiosis, e.g. vomiting, diarrhea or other symptoms that are not yet characteristic of the disease. It is common for doctors to be careful in areas where babesiosis occurs and when a dog comes to the office, they always put the disease on the list of possible diagnoses.

Note this fact Not seeing ticks in a dog does not relieve us of the obligation to check the dog’s health in this regard. Tick ​​fairies are about the size of a pin’s head, and it’s amazing to see them on human skin. If a dog’s skin is tightly covered with fur, the chances are almost zero.

What is the effect of this disease on the animal’s body?

Babesiosis is not treated or treated too late deadly. The sooner treatment is started, the better the chances of a full recovery, but unfortunately we can never guarantee that the dog will survive. In babesiosis, major organs such as the kidneys are damaged. As a result, development can occur acute kidney injurythis is an ambulance. Treatment of such kidneys is usually based on the use of hemodialysis. There are few veterinary centers in our country that perform this procedure, and hemodialysis itself is quite expensive, taking into account the income of the average Polish woman or Polish.

If there is no acute injury, but the kidneys are still affected, the tick is a chronic renal failure that develops as a result of an infectious disease. incurable and (of course shorter) will accompany the dog throughout his life. As I mentioned earlier, it results in babesiosis advanced anemiatherefore, some dogs have symptoms for blood transfusion, which is often associated with material and technical difficulties, and sometimes with medical complications.

Treatment of babesiosis – effective methods

Can a dog develop resistance to babesiosis?

It should be borne in mind that in case of babesiosis resistance does not develop after storage. As a result, the dog may get sick many times throughout his life, and each subsequent episode will not be lighter than the previous one.

In the past, there were infections in the spring and summer, but now it happens in the winter. Where does it come from?

The warming climate is favorable for the development period of ticks, and therefore you can meet them all year round. In veterinary clinics, doctors urge not to forget to protect against ticks in both summer and winter.

There are animals that refuse to prepare in favor of alternative treatments. Do they work?

Whimsy and shamanism still flourish in animal forums, so frightened caregivers sometimes opt for herbal remedies or other methods instead of the ones recommended by veterinarians. effectiveness is not supported by scientific research. Remember that veterinary medicine is a branch of medicine, and we are committed to the principles of CPA (Evidence-Based Medicine). If the caregiver wants to use alternative medical activities, he or she has the right to do so, but in this case, Altmed resigns in favor of the medication. the dog is in mortal danger.

Main photo source: Magda Firlej-Oliwa’s personal archive

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