Necessary investments in energy distribution are bottlenecks

– Energy networks are important in terms of energy transformation. Even if we build sources, we will not be able to carry out transformation without a network, said Ireneusz Zyska, Deputy Minister of Climate and Environment, Government Plenipotentiary for Renewable Energy, at the EuroPOWER & OZE POWER energy conference.

This problem was also highlighted by PwC partner Dorota Dębińska-Pokora. – Insufficient investment in the network is a point that does not resonate in political discussions. Currently, a common event is the waiver of connection conditions for RES. I would like to see plans for the development of the network in the coming years. According to him, there are no prospects or plans yet.

Robert Zasina, president of Tauron Dystrybucja, spoke to Interia in a recent interview about the difficulties with the network. He explained that his company has so far allowed as much as the network can accept, given its development plans for the near future. – We will not be able to do more without interfering with the network and modernizing it. We have signed many communication agreements, which will be implemented in the next five years. Now, unfortunately, we have to give up. There are many companies waiting to be contacted. We must first fulfill these agreements – he explained in an interview with Interia.

During the congress, Zyska assured that the advanced work on creating conditions for the development of the network is being carried out in the ministries of climate and environment, as well as regional funds and policy. “We will soon inform the public about the results of the work of the teams dealing with these issues,” he said.

The discussion also revolved around the energy crisis caused by Russia’s war in Ukraine. Participants wondered whether the current situation and Russia’s desire to be independent of raw materials would change Europe’s approach to coal.

Zyska stressed that Poland’s energy mix will develop. We will move from fossil fuels, coal, renewable energy and low or zero emission technologies. However, he stressed that the position should be powered by stable sources. “There will be coal and lignite for many years,” he said, referring to domestic raw material reserves.

– Energy transformation cannot take place at the expense of the energy security of Polish society. We must use our energy sources in Upper Silesia or the Lublin Basin, he said. Mining companies will only be encouraged to invest in Russian coal due to the embargo announced by the Polish government. Piotr Dziadzio, the deputy minister of climate and environment and the government’s spokesman for raw materials policy, said coal companies were already preparing to increase production.

Not everyone likes this idea. – I would not like to discuss the issue of returning to coal. We have done a lot of work on climate neutrality. There is no such need – said Dorota Debińska-Pokora.

Magdalena Dziewguć from Google Cloud stressed that two crises – the Covid and the war in Ukraine – are pushing the biggest crisis we face – the climate – off the horizon. – We are targeting the point where we will cross the critical threshold of global warming. In this crisis, we must adopt the most ambitious agenda possible. There is no temptation to return to coal, there is no repair of holes, because it will not solve the problem, he said.

He added that we have several decades of development ahead of us and we are ready to go through the current difficult times and carry out transformation. – We need to see what is happening in the Scandinavian countries, which are leaders in energy and digital transformation. We have good examples and for the first time in history we are not missing anything. We have the capital, the technology and the skilled teams that have encouraged us to take action.

Ireneusz Zyska said that the development of renewable resources will be the basis for transformation in the country. He stressed the need to liberalize the 10H rule, which limits the development of onshore wind farms. – If it were up to me, this law would already be in the Seimas. Discussions are underway between the Ministries of Development and Technology, as well as the Ministry of Climate and Environment, he said. He said the bill would go to the Sejm “in the coming months.”

He said that a lot of work falls on law enforcement groups in the ministries. – A thousand-page commentary was submitted to the RES Act, which was subject to public discussion. I feel a little impatient, but all this legislation must go through the legislative group of the Ministry of Ecology. And their number is limited – he explained, citing activity schedules.

However, the goal is clear – to increase the share of renewable energy sources in the energy sector. In addition to windmills and photovoltaics on land and at sea, we must pay attention to the development of more sustainable renewable energy sources such as biogas, biomethane, hydropower and the use of global warming, he said. He noted plans to build a 6-7-pump power plant that will ensure a stable supply of the system.

– According to the assumptions of the renewed energy policy, we have a chance to produce 50% of total energy from RES in 2030. I am in favor of this direction, I believe it is possible, he said.

Finally, the stabilizer of the RES will be a nuclear power plant, which, according to the government, will be ready in 2033. However, many experts believe that the deadline is very ambitious, while others believe that it is even unrealistic.

Monica Borkovska

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