Łukasiewicz Research Network is working on technological preparation for marine wind energy

Łukasiewicz Research Network has conducted research and development activities related to marine wind energy. What is he working on and what is the potential of marine wind energy – Dr. Eng. Krzysztof Tomczuk, prof. IEL.

dr hab. Eng. Krzysztof Tomczuk, prof. IEL
Head of the Renewable Energy Sources and Lighting (GSO) Research Group at Lukasiewicz-IEL

In September 2020, a report by the Polish Wind Energy Association entitled “A Look at the Baltic Sea. A look for Poland. Development of marine wind energy in the Baltic Sea basin. This indicates that the total capacity of wind farms installed in the Baltic Sea may be 83 GW. The farms will cover an area of ​​about 16,600 square kilometers.

This will allow to produce about 30 percent. electricity consumed in each country (see table). The Baltic Sea is likely to become the second largest reservoir to receive wind power after the North Sea.

The capacity to generate energy from offshore wind farms installed in Poland is estimated at about 28 GW. The area they will cover will probably be about 5,580 square kilometers, which is about 18.6 percent. common area in this region.

The table shows the approximate share of individual countries in the energy distribution and the estimated area occupied by wind farms.


Distribution of power [GW]

MEW area [km kw.]

Germany – Baltic Sea



Eastern Denmark


1 040

Denmark – Bornholm



Western Sweden


1 520

Sweden – Southern Baltic



Sweden – Northern Baltic



Finland – Southern Baltic


2 260

Finland – Northern Baltic


















Table: Marine wind power sites in the Baltic Sea [1].

Total share of potential places

The analysis shows that the total share of potential locations of individual countries in the capacity to generate electricity from wind farms in the Baltic Sea is as follows:

  • Estonia, with a capacity of 1.5 GW per 300 square kilometers,
  • Latvia, with an area of ​​580 square kilometers with a capacity of 2.9 GW,
  • Lithuania, with an area of ​​720 square kilometers with a capacity of 3.6 GW,
  • Germany with a capacity of 4.5 GW in an area of ​​900 square kilometers,
  • Denmark, with a capacity of 7.3 GWh in an area of ​​1460 square kilometers,
  • Finland with a capacity of 15.5 GW in an area of ​​3100 square kilometers,
  • Sweden with a capacity of 19.8 GWh in an area of ​​3960 square kilometers,
  • Poland with a capacity of 27.9 GW in an area of ​​5580 sq. Km.

In total, it is 83 GWh in an area of ​​16,600 sq. Km.[1].

According to the European Union, the potential of the Baltic Sea is greater and is 93 GW. [1]This allows it to produce 325 TWh of energy per year [1]. Europe’s potential to generate electricity from wind is estimated at 16-21 TVt / hour [2]energy demand is 3,000 TVt / hour [2].

The construction of offshore and onshore wind farms will achieve many goals, the most important of which is to generate electricity in a way that does not adversely affect the natural environment. The next goals are: the implementation of transmission networks connecting wind farms with the power systems of individual countries, the creation of a stable supply chain of components for the construction and maintenance of wind farms, and the ultimate goal is low cost of electricity.

Activities in the asiukasiewicz Research Network

Research and development activities related to marine wind energy have also been carried out by the Lukasiewicz Research Network. A number of projects have been submitted under targeted subsidies for 2022, as a result of which a number of measures have been taken to increase the level of technological readiness of selected elements of the wind farm with a capacity of 6 MW. They cover many aspects, from knives, concrete for foundations, corrosion protection, composite structures, generators, electric converters and many other issues.

Łukasiewicz Research Network is the third largest research network in Europe. It offers attractive, complete and competitive technology solutions. It offers a unique business “throwing problem” system, thanks to which a team of 4,500 scientists receives a business call in no more than 15 working days and offers the entrepreneur an effective application solution. At the same time, it attracts the highest skills of Polish scientists and unique scientific equipment on a national scale. Most importantly, the entrepreneur does not incur any cost to develop the idea for research. Łukasiewicz comfortably meets business expectations.

The entrepreneur can decide to contact not only the form on the website lukasiewicz.gov.pl/biznes/, but also in more than 50 places: Łukasiewicz Institute and all their branches in Poland. He will receive the same – high quality – product or service everywhere. Asiukasiewicz’s potential focuses on the following areas of research: Health, Intelligent Mobility, Digital Transformation, and Sustainable Economy and Energy.

dr hab. Eng. Krzysztof Tomczuk, prof. IEL


  1. Report of the Polish Wind Energy Association: “View of the Baltic Sea. A look for Poland. Development of marine wind energy in the Baltic Sea basin. September 2020.
  2. Report of the Polish Institute of Economics: “Development and potential of renewable energy in Poland.”. December 2020. ISBN 978-83-66698-24-6.

ŁukasiewiczThe article was written in collaboration with the Lukasiewicz Research Network – Institute of Electrical Engineering

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